A dental implant (also known as fixture) is a alloy component (like a tooth root) that is surgically positioned into the jawbone or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as a crown, bridge, denture, facial prosthesis etc . An implant is fixed in the bone like your natural teeth & it generally doesn't come out loose. It is a surgical screw that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or to act as an orthodontic anchor. The basis for modern dental implants is a biologic process where materials such as titanium, form an intimate bond to bone. The implant fixture is first placed, and then a dental prosthetic is added. A variable amount of healing time is required for the screw to settle before either the dental prosthetic (a tooth, bridge or denture) is attached to the implant.
The Life of such implants or Success or failure of implants depends on the health of the person receiving it, and the health of the tissues in the mouth. The amount of stress that will be put on the implant during normal function is also important to evaluate the life or stability of implant. The prerequisites to long-term success of dental implants are healthy bone and overall maintenance.
The risks and complications related to implant therapy are divided into those that occur during surgery (such as excessive bleeding or nerve injury), those that occur later on due to any infection or biomechanical failures. In the presence of healthy tissues, a well integrated implant with appropriate biomechanical loads can have long term success rates along with lifespan for around 10 to 15 year for such Implants.
Does it work Well …..Yes
Because implants fuse to your jawbone, they provide stable support for the implanted artificial teeth. Crown or Cap mounted to implants won't slip into your mouth while eating, speaking or yawning.
An advantage of implants is that no adjacent teeth need to be prepared or ground down to hold your new replacement tooth/teeth in place. To receive implants, you need to have healthy gums and adequate bone to support the implant. Meticulous oral hygiene and regular dental check up are critical in order to have lasting success of the implants.
These days Implants also in various type of alloy material in combination like titanium, nickel, cobalt chrome, Stainless steel etc and has a direct impact on its costing. Similarly the crown placed on it also comes in various type of ceramic and other material.