- Age Related Macular Degeneration
- Cataract Surgery
- Diabetic Retinopathy
- Dry Eye Treatment
- Laser Eye Surgery
- LASIK Laser Eye Surgery
- Neuro Ophthalmology
- Pediatric Opthalmology
- Refractive Corneal Surgery
- Refractive Surgery
- Retinal Detachment
- Vision Correction
The Medical technology in the field of Opthalmology has also seen a transformation resulting into successful treatment of even complicated ailments.
Most part of the eye is filled with a clear gel, called the vitreous. Light projects through the pupil and the lens to the back of the eye. The inside lining of the eye is covered by special light-sensing cells, together called the retina. The retina converts light into electrical impulses. Behind the eye, the optic nerve carries these impulses to the brain. The macula is a small sensitive area within the retina that gives central vision. It is located in the centre of the retina
LASIK, which has been performed since the 1990-91s, is the most common procedure currently offered in the India works by changing the shape of the cornea -- the clear covering of the front of the eye -- so that light rays focus on the retina and improve vision. A cut is made across the cornea using a mechanical blade and a flap of corneal tissue is raised. The exposed surface is then reshaped using an excimer laser and the flap is replaced.
Wave front-guided LASIK is yet another refinement. It takes into account the finer imperfections in the eye. These imperfections would affect your night vision in particular, so taking them into account would improve the chances of better night vision after the surgery.
For those who also need correction of their
vision ie: loss of focusing ability that occurs with age, making it difficult or impossible to focus on small print -- LASIK can be done with one eye corrected for distance and the other for near vision.
Diabetes eye problems
One has to be careful & alert , If one have diabetes, regular eye examinations are important to detect and treat eye problems. These should be arranged by your diabetes health team as part of regular tests and screening.
High blood sugar (glucose) increases the risk of diabetes eye problems. In fact, diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in adults. Blurred vision can be a symptom of more serious eye problems with diabetes.
A cataract is a clouding or fogging of the normally clear lens of the eye. The lens is what allows us to see and focus on an image just like a camera. Although anyone can get cataracts, people with diabetes get these eye problems at an earlier age than most and the condition progresses more rapidly than in people without diabetes.
If you have a cataract with diabetes, your eye cannot focus light and your vision is impaired. The symptoms of this eye problem in diabetes include blurred or glaring vision.
The treatment for cataracts is usually surgery to extract the lens, followed by insertion of a lens implant, with glasses or contact lenses as needed to further correct vision.